A Peace to End All PeaceA Peace to End All Peace
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A Peace to End All Peace

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David Fromkin

The current instability and strife in the Middle East can be primarily attributed to the colonial ambitions of European powers during World War I. The efforts of Britain and France to dismantle the Ottoman Empire and impose colonial rule resulted in the establishment of arbitrary borders and the appointment of unsuitable foreign rulers. This situation mirrors the aftermath of the Roman Empire's fall, which led to extended periods of turmoil in Europe. Similarly, the fragmentation of the Ottoman Empire by European intervention has set the stage for enduring conflict and upheaval in the Middle East, a situation that will likely persist for the foreseeable future.

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What's it about?

The Middle East continues to be a region embroiled in conflict and unrest. From Syria's enduring civil war to the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict, the likelihood of achieving peace seems remote. What are the roots of such persistent instability in the Middle East? The narrative presented in "A Peace to End All Peace" (1989) suggests that the colonial ambitions of European powers during World War I initiated a series of events leading to today's turmoil. This book examines how these ambitions have shaped the complex and tumultuous history of the region, contributing to contemporary conflicts and challenges.

Book summary

The current instability and strife in the Middle East can be primarily attributed to the colonial ambitions of European powers during World War I. The efforts of Britain and France to dismantle the Ottoman Empire and impose colonial rule resulted in the establishment of arbitrary borders and the appointment of unsuitable foreign rulers. This situation mirrors the aftermath of the Roman Empire's fall, which led to extended periods of turmoil in Europe. Similarly, the fragmentation of the Ottoman Empire by European intervention has set the stage for enduring conflict and upheaval in the Middle East, a situation that will likely persist for the foreseeable future.

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All Bites
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In 1913, the Ottoman Empire was grappling with a significant political crisis.

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Shifts in British leadership led to a revised approach to leverage the Ottoman Arabs' influence.

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Following the establishment of an agreement, the stage was set for the Arab Revolt.

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Britain's endorsement of Zionism had significant repercussions in the Middle East after the war.

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The conclusion of World War I was marked by broken promises and territorial acquisitions by Western powers in the Middle East.

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